Hip Drawing

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Hip Drawings | Fine Art America

Now, draw a 45-degree line from every nook toward the centerline that may help to determine location specifications for rafters. Draw a ridge line between the intersection points of the hip rafters. At last, calculate the gap between the rafters and lay them as per the roof framing plan.The bones of the hip come with the femur, the ilium, the ischium, and the pubis. The pubis, ischium, and ilium together represent the pelvis while the thigh bone is the femur. The bones in combination make up the hip. The hip itself is a ball and socket joint, similar to the shoulder.The buildings essential to create this joint are the socket, the joint capsule, muscle, ligaments, and the neckHip joint (Articulatio coxae) The hip joint is a ball and socket type of synovial joint that connects the pelvic girdle to the decrease limb. In this joint, the head of the femur articulates with the acetabulum of the pelvic (hip) bone.. The hip joint is a multiaxial joint and permits a wide range of motion; flexion, extension, abduction, adduction, exterior rotation, internal rotation andA hip roof or a hipped roof is a method of roofing that slopes downwards from either side to the partitions and hence has no vertical facets. The hip roof is essentially the most usually used roof style in North America, after the gabled roof. This style of roofing changed into well-liked in the United States all through the 18 th century in the early Georgian length.

Hip Drawings | Fine Art America

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Hip Anatomy, Function and Common Problems

The hip joint is a ball-and-socket kind joint and is formed the place the thigh bone (femur) meets the pelvis. The femur has a ball-shaped head on its end that matches right into a socket shaped within the pelvis, called the acetabulum.  Large ligaments, tendons, and muscle groups across the hip joint hang the bones (ball and socket) in position and keep it from dislocating.

Hip Anatomy, Function and Common Problems

Front View of the Hip Joint Bones

Normally, a smooth cushion of shiny white hyaline (or articular) cartilage about 1/4 inch thick covers the femoral head and the acetabulum. The articular cartilage is kept slick through fluid made in the synovial membrane (joint lining). Synovial fluid and articular cartilage are an overly slippery mixture—thrice extra slippery than skating on ice and 4 to 10 occasions more slippery than a metal on plastic hip replacement. Synovial fluid is what allows us to flex our joints underneath nice power without wear. Since the cartilage is smooth and slippery, the bones transfer against each other simply and without ache.

When the cartilage is damaged, whether secondary to osteoarthritis (wear-and-tear sort arthritis) or trauma, joint motion can turn into painful and restricted.

The hip joint is among the largest joints in the frame and is a big weight-bearing joint. Weight bearing stresses at the hip all the way through strolling can also be 5 occasions an individual’s body weight. A wholesome hip can strengthen your weight and can help you transfer with out pain. Changes within the hip from illness or harm will considerably impact your gait and place unusual pressure on joints above and beneath the hip.

It takes nice pressure to significantly damage the hip because of the sturdy, huge muscular tissues of the thighs that beef up and move the hip.

Anatomical Terms

Anatomical phrases allow us to describe the body and body motions extra exactly. Instead of your doctor merely saying that “the affected person knee hurts”,  he or she can say that “the affected person’s knee hurts anterolaterally”.  Identifying explicit areas of ache helps to lead the next steps in remedy or work-up. Below are some anatomic terms docs use to explain location (implemented to the hip):

Anterior — the stomach side (front) of the hip Posterior — the back facet of the hip Medial — the aspect of the hip closest to the spine Lateral — the side of the hip farthest from the spine Abduction — transfer away from the frame (elevating the leg clear of midline i.e. against the aspect) Adduction — transfer towards the frame (lowering the leg towards midline i.e. from the side) Proximal — positioned nearest to the purpose of attachment or reference, or heart of the frame example: the knee is proximal to the ankle Distal — located farthest from the point of attachment or reference, or center of the body instance: the ankle is distal to the knee Inferior — located beneath, below or beneath; under floor

Anatomy of the Hip

Joint capsule of the hip

Like the shoulder, the hip is a ball-and-socket joint, however is a lot more strong. The balance within the hip starts with a deep socket—the acetabulum. Additional steadiness is supplied via the surrounding muscle tissue, hip tablet and related ligaments.  If you think of the hip joint in layers, the deepest layer is bone, then ligaments of the joint capsule, then muscular tissues are on best. Various nerves and blood vessels supply the muscular tissues and bones of the hip.

Bony Structures of the Hip

The hip is shaped where the thigh bone (femur) meets the three bones that make up the pelvis: the ilium, the pubis (pubic bone) and the ischium.  These three bones converge to shape the acetabulum, a deep socket on the outer edge of the pelvis. By maturity, those 3 bones are totally fused and the pelvis is successfully a unmarried bone.

The femur is the longest bone within the frame. The neck of the femur connects the femoral head with the shaft of the femur.  The neck ends on the higher and lesser trochanters, which can be bony prominences of the femur that more than a few muscle groups attach to. The larger trochanter serves because the web page of attachment for the abductor and exterior rotator muscle groups which can be essential stabilizers of the hip joint. This is the outstanding part of your hip that you can in fact really feel at the outer facet of your thigh. The lesser trochanter serves because the attachment website of the iliopsoas tendon, probably the most muscles that lets you bend your hip. 

It is important to keep in mind that the actual hip joint lies deep within the groin space. This is necessary, as a result of true hip joint problems are most often associated with groin ache. 

The Hip Joint

The hip joint is a ball and socket sort joint.  The femoral head (ball) fits into the acetabulum (socket) of the pelvis. The massive spherical head of the femur rotates and glides throughout the acetabulum. The intensity of the acetabulum is additional greater via a fibrocartilagenous labrum that attaches to the outer rim of the acetabulum. It acts to deepen the socket and to add additional stability to the hip joint.  The labrum can turn out to be torn and cause symptoms such as ache, weakness, clicking, and instability of the hip. 

Bones of the Hip Joint

There are a lot of structures that give a contribution stability to the hip:

The ball and socket bony structure The labrum The capsule and its associated ligaments: e.g. iliofemoral ligament, pubofemoral ligament The surrounding muscular tissues together with the abductors (gluteus medius and minimus) and external rotators (gemelli muscle tissue, piriformis, the obturators). Hip Ligaments

The iliofemoral ligament in the hip

The stability of the hip is increased by means of the robust ligaments that encircle the hip (the iliofemoral, pubofemoral, and ischiofemoral ligaments). These ligaments completely encompass the hip joint and form the joint pill. The iliofemoral ligament is thought of as by most experts to be the strongest ligament within the body. The ligamentum teres is a small tubular construction that connects the top of the femur to the acetabulum. It comprises the  artery of the ligamentum teres. In infants, this serves as a reasonably necessary source of blood provide to the pinnacle of the femur.  In adults, the ligamentum teres is thought by way of most to be more of a vestigial structure that serves little serve as.

The ischiofemoral ligament of the hip

Muscles of the Hip

The muscular tissues of the thigh and decrease back paintings together to stay the hip solid, aligned and shifting. It is the muscular tissues of the hip that allow the movements of the hip:

flexion – bend extension – straighten abduction – leg move clear of midline adduction – leg strikes back against midline exterior rotation (permits for the foot to indicate outwards) interior rotation (permits for the foot to point inward)

The hip muscle groups are divided up into 3 elementary teams in keeping with their location: anterior muscle mass (front), posterior (again), and medial (within). The muscle tissue of the anterior thigh include the quadriceps (or quads): vastus medialis, intermedius, lateralis and rectus femoris muscle mass. The quads make up about 70% of the thigh’s muscles. The major purposes of the quads are flexion (bending) of the hip and extension (straightening) of the knee.

The gluteal and hamstring muscular tissues, as well as the exterior rotators of the hip are situated within the buttocks and posterior thigh. The gluteal muscle mass consist of the gluteus most, gluteus medius, and gluteus minimus. The gluteus maximus is the main hip extensor and is helping stay up the standard tone of the fascia lata or iliotibial (IT) band, which is the long, sheet-like tendon at the aspect of your thigh. It is helping with movement of the hip, but most likely more importantly, acts to help stabilize the knee joint.

Gluteus medius and minimus are the principle abductors of the hip —that is, they move the leg clear of the midline of the frame (the usage of the spine as a midline reference point). They are also the main internal rotators of the hip (i.e. flip the foot inwards). The gluteus medius and minimus are also important stabilizers of the hip joint and lend a hand to stay the pelvis level as we walk.

The tensor fascia lata (TFL) is another abductor of the hip, which, along with the gluteus maximus, attaches to the IT band.  The IT band is a not unusual cause of lateral (outdoor) hip, thigh, and knee ache.

The medial muscle mass of the hip are concerned within the adduction of the leg i.e. bringing the leg back towards the midline. These muscles include the adductors (adductor magnus, adductor longus, adductor brevis, pectineus, gracilis). Obturator externus additionally is helping to adduct the leg.

The exterior rotator muscle tissue (piriformis, gemelli, obturator internus) of the hip are located within the buttock area and assist in lateral rotation of the hip (out-toeing). Lateral rotation is needed for crossing the legs.

Blood Vessels and Nerves of the Hip

The sciatic nerve is located where it might get injured from a backwards dislocation of the femoral head.

Nerves carry alerts from the mind to the muscle tissues to move the hip and carry alerts from the muscle tissue back to the brain about ache, pressure and temperature. The primary nerves of the hip that provide the muscles within the hip include the femoral, obturator, and sciatic nerves.

The sciatic nerve is probably the most recurrently known nerve within the hip and thigh. The sciatic nerve is big—as large around as your thumb—and travels underneath the gluteus maximus down the back of the thigh where it branches to offer the muscle tissues of the leg and foot. Hip dislocations could cause damage to the sciatic nerve.

The blood supply to the hip is extensive and is derived from branches of the inner and external iliac arteries: the femoral, obturator, superior and inferior gluteal arteries. The femoral artery is well-known on account of its use in cardiac catheterization. You can really feel its pulse to your groin space.  It travels from deep within the hip down the thigh and right down to the knee. It is the continuation of the exterior iliac artery which lies within the pelvis. The primary blood provide to the femoral head comes from vessels that department off of the femoral artery:  the lateral and medial femoral circumflex arteries.  Disruption of those arteries can result in osteonecrosis (bone dying) of the femoral head. These arteries can grow to be disrupted with hip fractures and hip dislocations.


Bursae are fluid crammed sacs coated with a synovial membrane which produce synovial fluid. Bursae are regularly found near joints. Their function is to minimize the friction between tendon and bone, ligament and bone, tendons and ligaments, and between muscle tissues. There are as many as 20 bursae across the hip. Inflammation or infection of the bursa referred to as bursitis.

The trochanteric bursa is positioned between the higher trochanter (the bony prominence at the femur) and the muscles and tendons that pass over the higher trochanter. This bursa can get irritated if the IT band is simply too tight. This bursa is a not unusual reason behind lateral thigh (hip) pain. Two other bursa that can get infected are the iliopsoas bursa, located underneath the iliopsoas muscle and the bursa located over the ischial tuberosity (the bone you sit on).

Common Problems of the Hip

Posterior Hip dislocation

Surgery of the Hip

The hip joint is in large part answerable for mobility. So any injury, trauma, or illness that affects its function can significantly scale back an individual’s independence.

Lastly, there are lots of conditions in and around the hip or even stipulations of the spine, that can purpose pain in the hip area.  Therefore, if you happen to suspect that you simply might be having an issue together with your hip(s), don’t hesitate to consult with a trusted doctor for additional evaluation.

Note that the tips in this article is purely informative and must never be used in place of the recommendation of execs.

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